# A look at deductive vs inductive reasoning

Sal discusses the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning by considering a word problem sal discusses the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning by considering a word problem if you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Deductive and inductive reasoning are both based on evidence several types of evidence are used in reasoning to point to a truth: direct or experimental evidence — this relies on observations and experiments, which should be repeatable with consistent results. A closer look at inductive vs deductive reasoning deductive vs inductive reasoning • the difference: inductive reasoning uses patterns to. 2 what is inductive logic in this lecture i want to revisit the first point we raised, which is about inductive logici want to lay out some terms here so that it’s clear what we’re talking about, and the role that probability concepts play in inductive reasoning. In my previous post, i wrote about the differences between deductive and inductive reasoningthe question that naturally comes after that discussion is: which is better, deductive logic or inductive logic are stories better than a three-point speech.

Deductive reasoning is a type of reasoning which goes from general to specific examples in this article help illustrate this point deductive reasoning is based on premises and if the premises are true, then the reasoning will be valid. A closer look at reasoning deductive vs inductive reasoning the difference: inductive reasoning uses patterns to arrive at a conclusion (conjecture) deductive reasoning uses facts, rules, definitions or properties to arrive at a conclusion conjectures and counterexamples conjecture is an educated guess based on information given. Inductive reasoning is often used to make predictions about the future on the basis of observable trends, while deductive reasoning is often used in determining the root cause of an occurrence an example of deductive reasoning can be seen in the use of a root cause analysis in accident investigations. Inductive reasoning turns out to be complicated and we are luckily going to spend most of our time on deductive arguments here's an example of a deductive argument suppose that you recall that either james madison or benedict arnold was once president of the united states, but you can't remember which.

While inductive reasoning uses the bottom-up approach, deductive reasoning uses a top-down approach the initial point of inductive reasoning is the conclusion on the other hand, deductive reasoning starts with premises. Deductive reasoning is one of the oldest processes of reasoning known to man by which a person from one or more statements (premises), reaches a logically certain conclusion quizzes are good way of having fun and these are deductive reasoning quizzes therefore these deductive reasoning quizzes are. Inductive reasoning is based around patterns and is another variation of the many psychometric tests used by employers as a way to determine the suitability of a candidate for their roles on a similar level to diagrammatic reasoning, inductive reasoning will assess your ability to apply logic and rationale to solve problems how inductive tests work. Inductive and deductive reasoning are often confused this lesson introduces the concept of reasoning and gives you tips and tricks to keeping inductive and deductive reasoning straight. Inductive versus deductive reasoning inductive reasoning is a method of drawing conclusions based upon limited information in essence, the phrase “inductive reasoning” is a sophisticated substitute for the word “guessing” for example, if we know the first five terms of a sequence are given by.

Inductive and deductive reasoning this type of pattern recognition, leading to a conclusion, is known as inductive reasoning the structure of the argument may look logical, but it is based on observations and generalizations rather than indisputable facts. Sal analyzes a solution of a mathematical problem to determine whether it uses deductive reasoning deductive and inductive reasoning inductive & deductive reasoning negative 2 is 3 that makes sense then he uses a 0 product property to solve the equation that's just this property-- look, if you have two things and you take their. Deductive versus inductive comparison chart deductive inductive introduction (from wikipedia) deductive reasoning, also called deductive logic, is the process of reasoning from one or more general statements regarding what is known to reach a logically certain conclusion.

Inductive and deductive teaching approaches in order to meet the needs of diverse learners in a biology classroom, it is look for patterns and propose a generalization that is supported by the examples inductive versus deductive teaching strategies. The simplest way that we can compare inductive and deductive reasoning is to look at deductive reasoning as top down, where we start with a generalization and it leads us to a specific instance - that the conclusion is very specific whereas inductive reasoning is bottom up. A closer look at inductive vs deductive reasoning deductive vs inductive reasoning the difference: inductive reasoning uses patterns to arrive at a conclusion (conjecture) deductive reasoning uses facts, rules, definitions or properties to arrive at a conclusion. Inductive / deductive reasoning quiz 1 inductive b) deductive 2 mike must belong to the bartenders and beverage union local 165, since almost every los vegas bartender does a) inductive b) deductive 3 either colonel mustard or reverend green killed professor plum but whoever ran off with mrs white did not kill the professor. Inductive vs deductive reasoning this is a deductive process, as i begin with known “universals” and work my way to a conclusion about a specific case according to logic obviously, real world examples are less clear cut for example, i might make the following argument: a meteorologist will look at the data, and using their skill.

## A look at deductive vs inductive reasoning

Deductive versus inductive reasoning inductive and deductive reasoning are two methods of logic used to arrive at a conclusion based on information assumed to be true both are used in research to establish hypotheses deductive reasoning arrives at a specific conclusion based on generalizations inductive reasoning. Even though a particular study may look like it's purely deductive (eg, an experiment designed to test the hypothesized effects of some treatment on some outcome), most social research involves both inductive and deductive reasoning processes at some time in the project. Inductive versus deductive reasoning the hidden benefits inductive thinking teaches you to actually look at the data provided with a different set of eyes and not to accept as factual any data, even if it seems to come from the most pristine of sources it teaches you to break down everything, and reanalyze it all through a different lens.

In brief: inductive vs deductive • from the above description of the two reasoning methods, it is tempting to jump to conclusions that one or the other method is better. Deductive versus inductive reasoning 289 the overarching principle of logical positivism as a scientific methodology is the confidence in discovering highly general, yet relatively simple, regularities in nature. Deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning are two different approaches to conducting scientific research using deductive reasoning, a researcher tests a theory by collecting and examining empirical evidence to see if the theory is true. Deductive and inductive reasoning are two methods of thought or argumentation, which can help us in our quest of truth reasoning to uncover truth is about making connections between scattered facts to create a theory which explains reality there are more than one ways of arriving at the truth, by taking different roads of thought.

Inductive reasoning thus needs trust and demonstration of integrity more than deductive reasoning the clear danger with induction is that it is used to create 'proof' to support beliefs rather than possibilities that facilitate exploration.